Andreas Schleicher che guida il lavoro dell’Ocse sulla quantificazione della qualità dei processi educativi nelle scuole interviene sul tema dei compiti a casa. Che si dimostrano essenziali per il rendimento. Emerge tra l’altro che i giovani che vivono in famiglie disagiate spendono meno tempo degli altri a fare i compiti a casa e questo aumenta la distanza tra il loro rendimento scolastico e quello degli altri.
L’Italia presenta il peggiore spread in Europa tra il tempo che gli studenti di famiglie svantaggiate passano facendo i compiti a casa e il tempo che ci passano gli altri.
Nei prossimi mesi arriveranno altre pubblicazioni dell’Ocse: Education Policy Outlook, Education at a Glance, Skills Outlook.
The last Pisa in Focus of 2014 has new analysis on homework: the difference it makes to children’s school results and the wide gap between how much time disadvantaged and wealthy children spend on homework.
Across OECD countries in 2012, 15-year-old students reported that they spend almost five hours per week doing homework, one hour less per week than the average reported in 2003. Most time spent on homework is in Ireland, Italy, Kazakhstan, Romania, the Russian Federation and Singapore, where students reported that they spend seven hours or more per week, on average, while in Shanghai-China, students reported that they spend 14 hours per week, on average. By contrast, students in Finland and Korea reported that they spend less than three hours per week doing homework.
In every country and economy that took part in PISA 2012, socio-economically advantaged students spend more time doing homework or other study required by their teachers than disadvantaged students. In OECD countries, an advantaged student typically spends 1.6 more hours a week doing homework than a disadvantaged student: advantaged students spend an average of 5.7 hours per week, while disadvantaged students spend an average of 4.1 hours per week. The difference in homework time between advantaged and disadvantaged students is highest in Italy at 4 hours, and also large, at 3.5 hours or more, in Bulgaria, Romania, Shanghai-China and Chinese Taipei. (This data in Excel via the Statlink under the graphic on page 2 entitled “Advantaged students spend more time doing homework”)
According to OECD Education Director Andreas Schleicher, all of this has an impact on student performance. Students who spend more time doing homework tend to score higher in the PISA mathematics test. In fact, PISA results show that the net payoff in mathematics performance from attending a school where more homework is assigned, in general, is particularly large – 17 score points (the equivalent of nearly 6 months of schooling) or more per extra hour of homework – in Hong Kong-China, Japan, Macao-China and Singapore.
The report says that one way to make sure that homework doesn’t perpetuate differences in performance that are related to students’ socio-economic status is for schools and teachers to encourage struggling and disadvantaged students to complete their homework. This could involve providing facilities at school so that disadvantaged students have a quiet, comfortable place to work, and/or offering to help parents motivate their children to finish their homework before going out with friends or surfing the web.
The 4-page report is available at http://www.oecd.org/pisa/pisaproducts/pisainfocus.htm